Peru has a rich biodiversity that results from its varied geography ranging from the high Andes Mountains to the Amazon Rainforest to the coastal regions. Peru boasts over 1,800 species of birds, 500 species of mammals and 300 species of reptiles.
Is Peru the most biodiverse country?
Peru is part of the ten most diverse countries in the world and has the second largest planet Amazon forest – which combined make up 70% of the planet’s total biodiversity. Peru’s Andes mountains, cold oceans, and tropical location feature diverse ecosystems, flora, and fauna.
How biodiverse is Peru?
Peru is one of the so-called megadiverse countries that, as a whole, is home to 70% of the planet’s biodiversity.
Why is Peru most likely considered a megadiverse country?
Because of its varied geography and climate, Peru has a high biodiversity with 21,462 species of plants and animals reported as of 2003, 5,855 of them endemic, and is one of the megadiverse countries.
Is Peru a diverse country?
Peru is considered a mega-diverse country.
What part of the world is Peru?
Peru is situated in the western part of South America and shares borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile. Its enormous territory, covering more than 1.2 million square kilometers, is composed of three regions: Coast, Highlands and Jungle. Its current population exceeds 31.5 million inhabitants.
How many species are there in Peru?
Peru, home to over 14,500 species of animals, invites wildlife enthusiasts to experience the land of ancient empires, hidden treasures, diverse landscapes, renowned cuisine, unbarred natural terrains and exotic amazon wildlife. The country is ranked as a top destination for birdwatchers and wildlife enthusiasts alike.
What are the two main threats to biodiversity in Peru today?
Unfortunately the majority of it is threatened by deforestation from logging, oil drilling, mining, gas extraction, expansion of farming land and extraction of other natural resources.
What kind of environment does Peru have?
Peru is located entirely in the tropics but features desert and mountain climates as well as tropical rainforests. Elevations above sea level in the country range from −37 to 6,778 m (−121 to 22,238 ft) and precipitation ranges from less than 20 mm (0.79 in) annually to more than 8,000 mm (310 in).
What kind of ecosystems nature do you find in Peru?
Peru has three main ecosystems, the coastal desert, the Amazon and the Andean highlands. Supay beach, Peru in the Paracas nature reserve. Thanks to this, a wide variety of animals : Birds, mammals and butterflies. Even in the region of Tambopata and Manu you can find the most diverse flora and fauna in the world.